The World Health Organization announced it as a corona virus pandemic. Thus, it became official that Covid-19 is effective on a large scale worldwide. So, what are the pandemics known to affect humanity throughout history?
HIV / AIDS Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or its commonly known abbreviation AIDS is still one of the most active pandemic epidemics in the world. According to the data of the World Health Organization, the disease, which was first encountered in 1976, has claimed at least 31 million lives since 1981. More details here
It is estimated that up to 35 million people are currently living with HIV. 1.6 million people die each year from AIDS. The disease peaked between 2005 and 2012.
1968 FLU OUTBREAK Corona virus is not the only flu epidemic affecting the respiratory tract. Influenza virus is a type of virus known colloquially as influenza. In 1968, the mutated version of this disease, H3N2, turned into an epidemic that killed one million people.
This virus, which has a five percent mortality rate, killed 15 percent of the Hong Kong population. There were other countries affected by the epidemic in the Philippines, India, Australia, Europe and the USA. More details here
1956-1958 ASIAN FLU 12 years before the 1968 epidemic, the influenza virus was again showing its effects worldwide. This time, the version called H2N2 appeared in China and the epidemic continued until 1958. Although it is not known exactly how many people the disease killed, approximately 2 million people died according to WHO data. More details here
SPANISH FLU (1918-1920) The influenza pandemic, which was classified as w in the last year of the First World War, was taking the whole world by storm. Approximately 500 million people are thought to be affected by the epidemic that lasted about three years.
The number of deaths in the epidemic, also known as the Spanish flu, is not clearly known. Unlike the Corona virus, this epidemic, which affects healthy young individuals, is estimated to have killed between 20 and 50 million people. More details here
CHOLERA OUTBREAK Cholera is one of the diseases that took the most lives in the 19th and 20th centuries. Different cholera epidemics have occurred around the world since the early 1800s. The Ottoman Empire was one of the countries affected by these epidemics. Although not feel that began in Turkey in the 1960s 7. cholera epidemic is still ongoing and was classified as a pandemic. More details here
The sixth cholera epidemic, covering the years 1910-1911, occurred in India. It spread to many areas including Anatolia. The disease is thought to have killed more than 800,000 people in India alone. Unlike many epidemics, the source of cholera is not a virus but a bacterium called vibrio cholerae.
1889-1890 FLU OUTBREAK Also known as Asian flu or Russian flu, this epidemic is also caused by influenza. He appeared almost simultaneously in Bukhara, Canada, and Greenland in 1889. The epidemic, which was effective in urbanized areas, killed more than one million people worldwide. More details here
CHOLERA OUTBREAK The third cholera epidemic, which coincided with the years 1852-1860, is considered the most lethal of the seven epidemics. This epidemic, which has affected the world for more than 8 years, also occurred in India. More details here
The epidemic that followed the settlements around the Ganges River then spread to different continents. It is estimated that the epidemic killed more than 1 million people.
BLACK DEATH The plague epidemic, one of the events that left its mark on the 14th century, is called the black death. It is not known exactly how many people were killed by the epidemic, which was effective from 1346 to 1353. Although historians state that the number is at least 75 million, there are also researchers who increase the number to 200 million people.
This epidemic that started in Asia was carried to Europe with ships. At that time, the plague epidemic, which affected all urbanized cities in Europe, killed a significant part of the urban population. Historians believe that one third of the population died from the plague in Florence, one of the important cities of the period. More details here
THE JUSTINIAN PLACE The Black Death came to the end of the Middle Ages, but another plague epidemic marked the early stages of the era. The Justinian Plague epidemic that started in 541 affected the Byzantine Empire and had its effects in other regions on the Mediterranean coast. More details here
ANTONINE PLAPS Although this epidemic, which started in 165, is described as a plague, the disease is considered to be smallpox or measles. The epidemic, which was effective in Anatolia, Egypt, Greece and Italy, was carried from region to region by Roman soldiers. The epidemic nearly destroyed the Roman army, while killing more than 5 million people. More details here